Well-known from the seniority and cited by authors classics such as Tolomeo (90-168), the modern history of the Island begins with its conquest, which did not begin until the issue castellana conducted between 1404-1405, although in the 12th century had already been visited by an expedition sent by Alfonso the Benign of Aragon. Since 1445, the lordship of The Gomera began to be led by several generations of a family lineage that began with the first Peraza, of name Hernán. His son, Hernán Peraza The Couple met several rebellions to its mandate for his tyrannical proceed and the bad treatment of which he displayed with the islanders, dying of a violent manner in the cave of Guadehum. The historian Viera y Clavijo (1731-1831) referred to this historical period when he wrote that the aboriginal rubber were those that without throwing a dart surrendered to Juan de Bethencourt and those who made more expensive for conquest, the more difficult his obedience and more bloody their submission .
Beatriz de Bobadilla. One of the characters more controversial in the history of La Gomera, Beatriz de Bobadilla was the wife of Hernán Peraza The Couple after whose death at the hands of the aboriginal rebels repressed with extreme cruelty rebellion with the help of conqueror of Gran Canaria, Pedro de Vera. Married after with Alonso Fernandez de Lugo, another key personality in the conquest of the Canary Islands, its figure has also been linked to that of Christopher Columbus, who received during his visits to the Island. He died in the Court, in Madrid in 1504
The old rubber were men large, enforcers, agile, warriors, little careful in their costumes, and idolaters between these islanders were courageous men and enormous forces, as Igalan, Aguahanahizan, Agualercher, Hauche, Amuhaici, Aguacoromos; and, for having died in the war, their names were among their descendants, as people worthy of imitated and held . Leonardo Torriani (1560-1628).
THE BIRTH OF THE NAME OF THE ISLAND OF LA GOMERA IS THE RESULT OF A LEGEND THAT TRANSPORTS US TO BIBLICAL TIMES OF A SON OF JAPHETH, IN TURN SON OF NOE, WHO RECEIVED THE NAME OF GOMER.
Fernando of Amaluigue. The death of Amaluigue, king of La Gomera at the end of the 14th century, the Island was divided into four boundaries: Agana, Orone, Mulagua eI palán, bequeathed among themselves by pacts and alliances. According to the chronicles, Amaluigue, after rejecting an incursion european toward 1384, was baptized in the name of Fernando and favored an early process of evangelization
In 1492, the bay of San Sebastian de la Gomera became last point of scale toward a major gesta that changed the course of history, the discovery of a new continent. The stays of Christopher Columbus preceded other navigators distinguished as Hernan Cortes, Francisco Pizarro or Vasco Nunez de Balboa.
During the XVS, La Gomera had been subjected to the attacks of the corsairs British and Dutch, although the worst incursion pirate suffered was that of the berbers in 1618, which swept the Island. The Torre del Conde, designed for the defense interior, was not enough to prevent them.
Earth abruptly and rough. The difficult living conditions, which has had to endure the rubberwood have led to many times to seek a better life in american lands. A reality that has in the epic story of the Telemaco its more legendary shows. The sailboat Telemaco, of 27 meters and designed for the cabotage between the islands, departed from Valle Gran Rey on 10 August 1950 to Venezuela with 170 men and women. By then, the clandestine was the method more relief to make these trips. Two terrible storms, shortage of water and food and up to a mutiny were part of this voyage that culminated 43 days later on Venezuelan land.
The island economy maintained a population of some importance but stable since the 16th century until the 19th century, when the production of cochineal favored a moderate growth. The introduction of new cash crops of irrigation, tomatoes, bananas after, resulted in an economic upturn from 1900 that would result in the main stage of population growth in the history of La Gomera.